AIM To provide a detailed review and assessment of the health hazards associated with swimming pool waters.
  • International regulations and WHO guidelines on pool and spa management.
  • Microbiological and chemical quality of water.
  • Transmission of infections as a result of chemical quality of pool water.
  • Air quality in indoor pools.
  • Sanitary inspection.
  • Inspection of design.
  • The use of a checklist for quick evaluation.
  • Occupational health & safety in the pools.
  • Special issues for spa waters and pools used for therapy.
OUTCOME On completing the module trainees will be equipped with the skills to control, manage and evaluate pool and spa facilities.


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